Audioguide – English

ROOM 1 - FASCISM

Text:
The origins of Fascism

Fascism arose in Italy due to the imbalances
caused by the Great War, in a relatively
young, undeveloped and divided nation. The
liberal ruling class revealed themselves to be
inadequate for the dynamics of the twentieth-
century policy becoming divided owing to
their choices of intervention and incapable of
overseeing the post-war tension.
The traditional opposition parties, despite
having achieved an important electoral success,
remained internally divided. Especially the
Socialists, who faced three divisions between
1921 and 1923, spread a revolutionary rhetoric
that increased the fears of the middle classes.
Also decisive was the king’s decision to refrain
from using violence against the rising Fascism