ROOM 2 – THE FASCIST WAR

A warrior regime unprepared for war

“The problem we have to analyse is not that

Fascist Italy had lost the war, its result was

already decided by the international balances of

power (shamefully misunderstood), but that it

had not been able to lead it with the intensity

that it promised, not even to save itself from the

collapse.” (Giorgio Rochat)

The paradox is that the result of twenty years

of dictatorship was a highly military regime

that revealed itself unable to be adequately

prepared for modern war. Resources were

insufficient,

the

majority

of

armaments

were obsolete and recruitment and training

methods were inadequate. On April 1940,

Marshal Badoglio wrote to Mussolini: “At this

moment our preparation is 40%.”